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plain bearings

plain bearings
Author :Admin | Publish Date:2013-05-24 10:16:40
Plain bearings, in general, are the least expensive type of bearing. They are also compact and lightweight, and they have a high load-carrying capacity.The design of [plain bearings]  depends on the type of motion the bearing must provide. The three types of motions possible are feasible.

Journal (friction, radial or rotary) bearing: This is the most common type of plain bearing; it is simply a shaft rotating in a bearing. In locomotive applications a journal bearing specifically referred to the plain bearing once used at the ends of the axles of railroad wheel sets, enclosed by journal boxes.Linear bearing: This bearing provides linear motion; it may take the form of a circular bearing and shaft or any other two matching surfaces.Thrust bearing: A thrust bearing provides a bearing surface for forces acting axial to the shaft.

Integral plain bearings are built into the object of use. It is a hole that has been prepared into a bearing surface. Industrial integral bearings are usually made from cast iron or babbitt and a hardened steel shaft is used in the bearing.Integral bearings are not as common because bushings are easy to accommodate and if they wear out then they are just replaced.[1] Depending on the material an integral bearing may be less expensive but it cannot be replaced. If an integral bearing wears out then the item may be replaced or reworked to accept a bushing. Integral bearings were very common in 19th-century machinery, but became progressively less common as interchangeable manufacture permeated the industry.

An example of a common integral plain bearing is the hinge, which is both a thrust bearing and a journal skf bearing.A bushing, also known as a bush, is an independent plain bearing that is inserted into a housing to provide a bearing surface for rotary applications; this is the most common form of a plain bearing.Common designs include solid (sleeve and flanged), split, and clenched bushings. 

A sleeve, split, or clenched bushing is only a "sleeve" of material with an inner diameter (ID), outer diameter (OD), and length. The difference between the three types is that a solid sleeved bushing is solid all the way around, a split bushing has a cut along its length, and a clenched bearing is similar to a split bushing but with a clench across the cut. A flanged bushing is a sleeve bushing with a flange at one end extending radially outward from the OD. The flange is used to positively locate the bushing when it is installed or to provide a thrust bearing surface.

Two-piece plain bearings, known as full bearings in industrial machinery, are commonly used for larger diameters, such as crankshaft bearings. The two halves are called shells.There are various systems used iko bearings to keep the shells located. The most common method is a tab on the parting line edge that correlates with a notch in the housing to prevent axial movement after installation. For large, thick shells a button stop or dowel pin is used. The button stop is screwed to the housing, while the dowel pin keys the two shells together. Another less common method uses a dowel pin that keys the shell to the housing through a hole or slot in the shell.

BRING SKF RMS 14            (1 3/4 X 4 1/4 X 1 1/16) 
BRING SKF RMS 16            (2 X 4 1/2 X 1 1/16) 
BRING SKF RMS 18            (2 1/4 X 5 X 1 1/4) 

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